is a Caribbean destination without comparison, pristine
and exotic hiding many secrets unpredictable. Boasting
magnificent white sand beaches with clean sparkling
turquoise waters. Cuba is home to exceptionally friendly
people, exotic flora, tropical climate and a vibrant
nightlife. If you like the Latin beat, then this is
the place to visit where hot Salsa music can be heard
everywhere.All this and warm welcome from the Cuban
people make this biggest Caribbean island very attractive
for million of tourists every year. The Cuban culture
is unique in Latin America, formed by the island's fascinating
history and this has made Cuba a very attractive.
in Vedado, Havana
Despite its new popularity, however, the island remains
an inexpensive Caribbean destination. It remains uncommercialized
and a very safe vacation spot.The Republic of Cuba is
an archipelago formed by the Island of Cuba, with an
extension of 106 007 km2, the Island of Youth with 2
200 km2 and around 4 200 keys and islets. Its total
surface is of 110 922 km2, locating itself at the entrance
of the Gulf of Mexico, in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba limits
to the North with Florida (United States of America)
to 180 km; to the South, with Jamaica, to 140 km; to
the East with Haiti, to 77 km and, to the West, with
the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico), to 210 km of distance.
Cuba is essentially a 70%
flat and has three big mountain ranges:
Sierra of Organs in the Western region, Sierra of Escambray
in the Center region and Sierra Maestra in the Eastern region,
which includes Turquino Peak, the country's highest point
with 1 974 meters (5 933 feet) over the sea level.
The climate of Cuba
is considered subtropical moderate, prevailing the tropical
maritime conditions. The annual medium temperature is of 25,2
C degrees (77F) in summer and 22C (71,6F) in winter, since
two well defined seasons are observed: the dry, from November
to April and the rains, from May to October.
The raining average is of 1 059 mm in the rainy period and
of 316 mm in the dry one, for a rain annual average of 1 375
mm. Cuban coasts reach 5 746 km of extension,
being the biggest the north coast with 3 209 km. There are
excellent beaches, bays, ports and cities along the coasts.
According to estimated figures,
Cuba's population is of 11 000 000 inhabitants, with an annual
growing rate of 0,6 per each 100. A gradually aging of the
population has been noticed since the 90´s, being the
older than 65 years of age the 12% of the total.
Spanish is the official language of the Republic, using English
very much in commercial and cultural matters, and in international
Cuba is politically and
administratively divided in 14 provinces, 168 municipalities
and a special municipality. From West to East the provinces
are Pinar del Rio; Havana; Havana City; Matanzas; Villa Clara;
Cienfuegos; Sancti Espíritus; Camagüey; Ciego
de Avila; Las Tunas; Holguín; Granma; Santiago de Cuba
and Guantánamo. The special municipality Island of
Youth is located South of Havana province.
Havana City is the capital
of the country. The cities: Santiago de Cuba, Holguín,
Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Ciego
de Avila, Villa Clara, Bayamo and Guantánamo are also
important because of its economic development and population.
Education is free at all
education levels, as well as the study materials. There are
no illiterates in the country, having 300 000 teachers, 47
centers of superior education, 21 200 professors and 276 000
students. There are over 3 millions of students registered
in the whole national system of education.
There are universities or
university faculties in all the provinces, second education,
specialized, polytechnic institutes, and others.
Cuba's health system is
considered unique in Latin America, covering the whole country.
Medical services are free for all Cubans.
Cuba has the lowest children
mortality rate in Latin America and one of the lowest of the
world: 7,9 per each born alive.
Cuban life expectancy is
of 75,2 years of age.
In Cuba, there are 42 634
physicians (1 x each 274 inhabitants); 7 515 dentists (1 x
each 524 inhabitants); 120 000 nurses, technicians and auxiliaries;
15 142 doctors of the family assist the 67,6 % of the population.
In addition to the 421 polyclinics and the 267 hospitals that
offer their services.
In this section (Cuba info)
you will also find information about restaurants, about buying
cigars, rum and souvenirs. information on weather sex in cuba
and some recommendations if you plan to bring gifts for cubans.